With its roots in the Greek language, geography means “describing the earth.” Physical geography studies climate, landforms, soils, vegetation, and hydrology. Human geography is the spatial analysis of economic, social, and cultural systems. Globalization is the increasing interconnectedness of people and places through converging economic, political, and cultural activities. Some of the most important challenges facing the world have to do with globalization. Globalization is relevant to everyone on earth. All life is impacted by human growth and expansion. The following article is an overview globalization and its impact.

Areal integration is the study of how places interact with each other. While located in diverse physical, cultural, and political environments, different countries have come to expand their thinking beyond their local location and now connect with the rest of the world. Primitive, as it is defined, falls in line with self-dependence and isolation from the modern world. However, interaction with the world can be beneficial. Thus areal integration explores how and why the people of the world are connected in detail. “human beings transform space into distinct places that are unique and heavily loaded with meaning and symbolism…places can tell us how humans interact with nature and among themselves; where there are tensions and where there is peace; where people are rich and where they are poor.” (Rowntree, Lewis, Price, Wyckoff p.13)

The cultural landscape of the human realm of life expresses the expansion of global economies and culture. This is creating rapid long-term change and short-term change globally. The importance of precision and harmony in our lives is central to expanding our consciousness in a positive manner; in a manner that brings about change for the better in every way. The negative results of human actions continue to pile up. Pollution in the sea, air, and land continues at a rapid pace. Global warming threatens to destroy the earth if we do not do something to stop it. Geographers study cause and affect in as much detail as possible.
“The greatest migration in [known] human history is now going on as people move from rural to urban environments. This naturally changes the landscape of the earth.” (Rowntree, Lewis, Price, Wyckoff p.17) People with different backgrounds, different cultures, and different religious and political ideologies, now collide. It would be ideal if everyone remained calm and learned how to coexist and live together in equanimity. Unfortunately, many people are motivated with selfish intentions that cause negative reactions.

Population growth and expansion reduces available land and resources. The health and well-being of a society is maintained as long as there are sufficient supplies and peaceful coexistence. The health and well-being of a society is studied by studying life expectancy and the factors involved in human health. The net migration rate is higher than ever in all known human history. Cities are the focal point of the globalizing world. Thus widespread economic, political, and cultural change is happening rapidly. Data shows that half of the world’s population now lives in cities. Urbanization and industrialization go hand-in-hand. Cities are regionally and globally interdependent with other cities and towns.

Culture is described as learned, not innate, and is shared behavior held in common by a group of people, empowering them with what could be called a “way of life. Culture has both abstract and material dimensions: speech, religion, ideology, livelihood, and value systems, but also technology, housing, foods, and music.” (Rowntree, Lewis, Price, Wyckoff p.27) Social scientists study cultural tension and conflict. Traditional elements of a given culture often times rejects new and/or different cultures practiced by others. Similarly, new and/or different thoughts and belief systems as well often times reject traditional ideologies and practices. Some people love and some people hate. Some people are at peace and others are irate. This results in conflict. The state of mind of human beings is responsible for all external manifestation. If one person hates another, then this creates a problem. Loving one another thus becomes central to coexistence and peace on earth. Hate generally always leads to greater conflict. As a result, wars are fought and suffering continues. In order for cultures to successfully coexist, hate must be abandoned. Our way of life needs to function in a manner that is harmonious with our environment in order for successful growth and development to take place.

Finding a way to make peace with all is crucial for the cultivation of stability. Cultural syncretism is the blending of forces to form a new, synergistic form of culture. Something as simple as getting along seems to be the hardest challenge for the human race. When emotions flow and tensions grow, then war is what we come to know. Like children, ignorant and unable to behave, the human race is in need of the most basic instruction. Love one another. So simple! Love is the foundation of stability.

Another defining trait of cultural groups is religion. While there are more similarities than differences between major world religions, tensions still rise and conflict continues to ensue. Geopolitics studies the speed, scope, and character of political change in various regions of the world. Religion and politics greatly impact the stability world peace.

The qualities of human life are a major component in establishing a unified stable world, economically and socially. Improvements in public health, equality, and education lead to a greater paradigm. Finding ways to gain consumer products without destroying valuable resources, like rainforests, is crucial to stability. Finding a way to coexist with all is certainly a daunting task, but a necessary one. Where there is a will, there is a way. When we align our intentions with selflessness and love, the answers will manifest.


  1. Warriors and Goddesses said,

    June 11, 2012 at 7:33 am

    less people = less pressure on the earth and it’s resources. And yet we continue to grow without forethought. The Australian government encourages population growth by offering monetary incentives (“the Baby Bonus”) for every child you have. It’s insane!

    • lukescott313 said,

      June 11, 2012 at 9:53 pm

      that is insane. in the far east i have heard that they will kill the second born child in some areas in order to cut down pop growth…that’s just sick!

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